The goal of Kavlan is to allow people to manage VLAN on Grid'5000 nodes. The benefits is complete level 2 isolation. It can be used together with OAR and Kadeploy to do some experimentations on the grid.
Installation status on sites :
|Nantes||1.1.23-2||(global doesn't work -- bug #4634)|
|Reims||1.1.23-2||(global doesn't work -- bug #4634)|
There are 3 types of vlan available on Grid'5000:
- local VLANs (in green)
- routed VLANs (in blue)
- global VLANs (in purple)
1: Isolated VLAN
An isolated VLAN (also called local VLAN) is completely isolated from the rest of Grid5000: no routing configured. Therefore, you must use a special host to reach your nodes inside this kind of VLAN.
The following figure shows two jobs running with KaVLAN: each job has it's nodes isolated in a local VLAN (purple and green). The other nodes are all in the default VLAN (red). The only way to reach the isolated nodes is to use a gateway node (kavlan-1 and kavlan-2 in the figure). The gateway has two Ethernet interfaces: one in the default VLAN and one is the dedicated VLAN. This way, you can use ssh to reach your nodes (an other way to reach an isolated node is to use the
As your nodes are isolated from the rest of Grid'5000, NFS mounts of /home partition is not possible. Therefore, Grid'5000 environments that mount /home partition (-nfs, -big, -prod) may fail to boot
2: Routed VLAN
This kind of VLAN is not isolated at the layer 3. Therefore you can reach the nodes inside the VLAN from the rest of Grid5000. No need for an ssh gateway.
3: Global VLAN
A global VLAN is a VLAN which is spread on all grid5000 sites (using QinQ). Therefore you can configure nodes of different sites on the same VLAN ! There will be no routing between these nodes. To reach nodes inside a VLAN, routing is configured on one of the router (on the site where you reserved this global VLAN)
How to reserve a VLAN
KaVLAN only works with deploy reservations; to obtain nodes and a VLAN, you must reserve a kavlan resources with
oarsub. There are 3 kinds of resources defined in OAR: kavlan, kavlan-local, kavlan-global. For example, if you need 3 nodes and a local VLAN:
Then you can get the id of your VLAN using the
If you run this command outside the shell started by OAR for your reservation, you must add the oar JOBID.
You should get an integer in the <1-3> range for local VLAN ( the range for routed vlan is <4-9>, and there is one global VLAN per OAR server).
You can get all the options of the command using --help:
# kavlan --help Usage: kavlan [options] Specific options: -i, --vlan-id N set VLAN ID (integer or DEFAULT) -C, --ca-cert CA CA certificate -c, --client-cert CERT client certificate -k, --client-key KEY client key -l, --get-nodelist Show nodenames in the given vlan -e, --enable-dhcp Start DHCP server -d, --disable-dhcp Stop DHCP server -V, --show-vlan-id Show vlan id of job (needs -j JOBID) -g, --get-vlan Show vlan of nodes -s, --set-vlan Set vlan of nodes -j, --oar-jobid JOBID OAR job id -m, --machine NODE set nodename (several -m are OK) -f, --filename NODEFILE read nodes from a file -u, --user USERNAME username -v, --[no-]verbose Run verbosely -q, --[no-]quiet Run quietly --[no-]debug Run with debug output -h, --help Show this message --version Show version
Once you have a kavlan reservation running, you can put your nodes in your VLAN (and back into the default VLAN) at anytime during the lifetime of your job; for local VLAN, you are also allowed to connect to the VLAN gateway named
kavlan-<ID> where ID is your vlan ID,
If you want to learn how to use KaVLAN, you can try the tutorial on Network isolation on Grid'5000