Grid5000:Network

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Note.png Note

This page provides an overview of Grid'5000 network infrastructure. Other useful pages:

Contents

Grid'5000 Network Infrastructure

Backbone Network

Logo RENATER.png

Grid'5000 backbone network infrastructure is provided by RENATER. RENATER is the French National Telecommunication Network for Technology, Education and Research. More information can be found on renater.fr. RENATER offers about 30 POPs (Points Of Presence) in France, at least one POP for each region, which metropolitan and regional networks are connected on. More than 600 sites (Universities, Research Centers, ..) are interconnected through RENATER.

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Renater's WDM infrastructure
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10Gbps lambda activated for Grid'5000 in Renater's Dark Fiber infrastructure
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Grid5000 IP Network


The actual phase of the network is RENATER-5, the deployment has been completed by January 2009. The "standard" architecture is based on 10Gbit/s dark fibers and provides IP transit connectivity, interconnection with GEANT-2 (http://www.geant2.net/), overseas territories and the SFINX (Global Internet exchange).


All Grid'5000 sites (with the exception of Reims and Nantes) are connected to dedicated 10Gbit/s lambdas on a DWDM infrastructure (see Wikipedia: Wavelength-division Multiplexing for more info).

Reims and Nantes are connected using an L2 VPN.


Grid'5000 sites networks

Grid'5000 sites provide access to a variety of network technologies (both Ethernet and high-performance networks such as InfiniBand). More information is available on the following pages:

The list of high performance networks is available on this page.

Address space for virtual machines

Grid'5000 has two different mechanisms to provide IP addresses to virtual machines: subnet reservation and KaVLAN.

  • Subnet reservation provides a mean to allocate IP addresses in the production (= default) network. This provides a way to avoid conflicts between users, but does not provide isolation: all machines are still in the same L2 network. Subnet reservation is documented in the Virtual machines on the production environment tutorial, and on the Subnet reservation page.
  • KaVLAN provides network isolation through dynamic switches and routers reconfiguration, for the duration of an experiment. Inside a KaVLAN network, users are free to allocate IP addresses as needed. However, some IP ranges are routed to/from the KaVLAN network. KaVLAN is documented in the Deploying OpenStack using KaVLAN tutorial (which provides an introduction to KaVLAN), in the Network isolation on Grid'5000 tutorial (which is a more advanced KaVLAN tutorial), and on the KaVLAN page.

Tables of available IP networks

Production network and subnet reservation

Here are the private IPv4 networks allocated to every sites, complementary to the already allocated networks:

Site State Production network Administration network High Perf network (ib/mx) Kavlan network Virtualization Sail (Lyon) Geysers (Lyon) Bonfire (Rennes) GridMIP&CloudMIP (Toulouse)
Bordeaux Check.png 172.16.0.0/20 172.17.0.0/20 172.18.0.0/20 10.0.0.0/14 10.128.0.0/14
Grenoble Check.png 172.16.16.0/20 172.17.16.0/20 172.18.16.0/20 10.4.0.0/14 10.132.0.0/14
Lille Check.png 172.16.32.0/20 172.17.32.0/20 172.18.32.0/20 10.8.0.0/14 10.136.0.0/14
Lyon Check.png 172.16.48.0/20 172.17.48.0/20 172.18.48.0/20 10.12.0.0/14 10.140.0.0/14 172.29.48.0/20 172.30.48.0/20
Nancy Check.png 172.16.64.0/20 172.17.64.0/20 172.18.64.0/20 10.16.0.0/14 10.144.0.0/14
Orsay Fail.png 172.16.80.0/20 172.17.80.0/20 172.18.80.0/20 10.20.0.0/14 10.148.0.0/14 + 10.152.0.0/14
Rennes Check.png 172.16.96.0/20 172.17.96.0/20 172.18.96.0/20 10.24.0.0/14 10.156.0.0/14 172.31.96.0/20
Toulouse Check.png 172.16.112.0/20 172.17.112.0/20 172.18.112.0/20 10.28.0.0/14 10.160.0.0/14 172.28.112.0/20
Sophia Check.png 172.16.128.0/20 172.17.128.0/20 172.18.128.0/20 10.32.0.0/14 10.164.0.0/14
Reims Check.png 172.16.160.0/20 172.17.160.0/20 172.18.160.0/20 10.36.0.0/14 10.168.0.0/14
Luxembourg Check.png 172.16.176.0/20 172.17.176.0/20 172.18.176.0/20 10.40.0.0/14 10.172.0.0/14
Nantes Fail.png 172.16.192.0/20 172.17.192.0/20 172.18.192.0/20 10.44.0.0/14 10.176.0.0/14
Orléans Fail.png 172.16.208.0/20 172.17.208.0/20 172.18.208.0/20
Qualification Check.png 172.16.240.0/20 172.17.240.0/20 172.18.240.0/20 10.252.0.0/14

Virtual subnets configuration

Site Block Gateway DHCP server
Bordeaux 10.128.0.0/14 10.131.255.254 10.131.255.253
Grenoble 10.132.0.0/14 10.135.255.254 10.135.255.253
Lille 10.136.0.0/14 10.139.255.254 10.139.255.253
Lyon 10.140.0.0/14 10.143.255.254 10.143.255.253
Nancy 10.144.0.0/14 10.147.255.254 10.147.255.253
Orsay I 10.148.0.0/14 10.151.255.254 10.151.255.253
Orsay II 10.152.0.0/14 10.155.255.254 10.155.255.253
Rennes 10.156.0.0/14 10.159.255.254 10.159.255.253
Toulouse 10.160.0.0/14 10.163.255.254 10.163.255.253
Sophia 10.164.0.0/14 10.167.255.254 10.167.255.253
Reims 10.168.0.0/14 10.171.255.254 10.171.255.253
Luxembourg 10.172.0.0/14 10.175.255.254 10.175.255.253
Nantes 10.176.0.0/14 10.179.255.254 10.179.255.253
VPN nets n/a n/a
Qualif 10.252.0.0/14 10.255.255.254 10.255.255.253

KaVLAN

KaVLAN deployment status

Sites Version Status
Bordeaux Fail.png
Grenoble 1.1.17-1 Check.png
Lille 1.1.17-1 Check.png
Luxembourg 1.1.17-1 Check.png
Lyon 1.1.17-1 Check.png
Nancy 1.1.17-1 Check.png
Nantes Fail.png
Reims 1.1.14-1 InProgress.png (global doesn't work -- bug #4634)
Rennes 1.1.17-1 Check.png
Sophia 1.1.17-1 Check.png
Toulouse 1.1.17-1 Check.png

KaVLAN networks

Non-routed local Vlans

Site KAVLAN-1 KAVLAN-2 KAVLAN-3
All 192.168.192.0/20 192.168.208.0/20 192.168.224.0/20

Routed Local Vlans

Site KAVLAN-4 KAVLAN-5 KAVLAN-6 KAVLAN-7 KAVLAN-8 KAVLAN-9
Bordeaux 10.0.0.0/18 10.0.64.0/18 10.0.128.0/18 10.0.192.0/18 10.1.0.0/18 10.1.64.0/18
Grenoble 10.4.0.0/18 10.4.64.0/18 10.4.128.0/18 10.4.192.0/18 10.5.0.0/18 10.5.64.0/18
Lille 10.8.0.0/18 10.8.64.0/18 10.8.128.0/18 10.8.192.0/18 10.9.0.0/18 10.9.64.0/18
Lyon 10.12.0.0/18 10.12.64.0/18 10.12.128.0/18 10.12.192.0/18 10.13.0.0/18 10.13.64.0/18
Nancy 10.16.0.0/18 10.16.64.0/18 10.16.128.0/18 10.16.192.0/18 10.17.0.0/18 10.17.64.0/18
Orsay 10.20.0.0/18 10.20.64.0/18 10.20.128.0/18 10.20.192.0/18 10.21.0.0/18 10.21.64.0/18
Rennes 10.24.0.0/18 10.24.64.0/18 10.24.128.0/18 10.24.192.0/18 10.25.0.0/18 10.25.64.0/18
Toulouse 10.28.0.0/18 10.28.64.0/18 10.28.128.0/18 10.28.192.0/18 10.29.0.0/18 10.29.64.0/18
Sophia 10.32.0.0/18 10.32.64.0/18 10.32.128.0/18 10.32.192.0/18 10.33.0.0/18 10.33.64.0/18
Reims 10.36.0.0/18 10.36.64.0/18 10.36.128.0/18 10.36.192.0/18 10.37.0.0/18 10.37.64.0/18
Luxembourg 10.40.0.0/18 10.40.64.0/18 10.40.128.0/18 10.40.192.0/18 10.41.0.0/18 10.41.64.0/18
Nantes 10.44.0.0/18 10.44.64.0/18 10.44.128.0/18 10.44.192.0/18 10.45.0.0/18 10.45.64.0/18

Global Vlans

Site Global Vlan Subnet Router IP
Bordeaux KAVLAN-10 10.3.192.0/18 10.3.255.254
Grenoble KAVLAN-11 10.7.192.0/18 10.7.255.254
Lille KAVLAN-12 10.11.192.0/18 10.11.255.254
Lyon KAVLAN-13 10.15.192.0/18 10.15.255.254
Nancy KAVLAN-14 10.19.192.0/18 10.19.255.254
Orsay KAVLAN-15 10.23.192.0/18 10.23.255.254
Rennes KAVLAN-16 10.27.192.0/18 10.27.255.254
Toulouse KAVLAN-17 10.31.192.0/18 10.31.255.254
Sophia KAVLAN-18 10.35.192.0/18 10.35.255.254
Reims KAVLAN-19 10.39.192.0/18 10.39.255.254
Luxembourg KAVLAN-20 10.43.192.0/18 10.43.255.254
Nantes KAVLAN-21 10.47.192.0/18 10.47.255.254
Nodes assignments
  • Global vlan is a /18 (16382 hosts), so every site have one /23 (510 ip) in the global vlan.
  • Example for the global vlan of Lille 712 (10.11.192.0/18), other example nancy bind config (nancy.db)
    • Bordeaux: 10.11.192.110.11.193.254
    • Grenoble: 10.11.194.110.11.195.254
    • Lille: 10.11.196.110.11.197.254
    • Lyon: 10.11.198.110.11.199.254
    • Nancy: 10.11.200.110.11.201.254
    • Orsay: 10.11.202.110.11.203.254
    • Rennes: 10.11.204.110.11.205.254
    • Toulouse: 10.11.206.110.11.207.254
    • Sophia: 10.11.208.110.11.209.254
    • Reims: 10.11.210.110.11.211.254
    • Luxembourg: 10.11.212.110.11.213.254
    • Nantes: 10.11.214.110.11.215.254
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